Send to

Choose Destination
Thromb Haemost. 1996 Mar;75(3):476-80.

Effects on haemostasis of hormone replacement therapy with transdermal estradiol and oral sequential medroxyprogesterone acetate: a 1-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. The Writing Group for the Estradiol Clotting Factors Study.

[No authors listed]


After menopause the haemostatic balance shifts towards a latent hypercoagulable state. To evaluate the effects of two regimens of transdermal estradiol (E2) combined with progestin on the balance between procoagulant factors and inhibitors, 255 women in physiological menopause for 1-5 years were randomly allocated to 1 year of treatment with cyclic transdermal E2 (50 micrograms/day for 21 days) plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) (10 mg/day from days 10 to 21), continuous transdermal E2 (50 micrograms/day for 28 days) plus MPA (10 mg/day from days 14 to 25), or placebo. Fibrinogen, factor VII (FVII), factor VIII:C (FVIII:C), antithrombin III (ATIII), protein C, protein S, heparin cofactor II (HCII) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) levels were measured at baseline and after 6 and 12 cycles. 167 women who took the treatment for at least 6 cycles were evaluable. The continuous treatment group had significantly lower final values of fibrinogen, FVII, ATIII, protein S and HCII than the placebo group; the cyclic treatment reduced fibrinogen in comparison with placebo but the difference was not significant. In conclusion, both regimens produce a clinically relevant decrease of fibrinogen levels; the continuous regimen affects also the levels of FVII and inhibitors suggesting that the haemostatic balance is shifted to a more physiological state.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center