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Oncogene. 1996 Jun 20;12(12):2705-11.

Murine WNT11 is a secreted glycoprotein that morphologically transforms mammary epithelial cells.

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1
Centre for Molecular and Cell Biology, The University of Queensland, Australia.

Abstract

Wnt genes encode a set of structurally related cell surface glycoproteins that appear to have roles in cell-cell signalling. The ectopic expression of several murine Wnt genes has been implicated in the transformation of mammary epithelial and the onset of mammary tumours. Wnt11 is expressed in the developing embryo in a variety of structures including the dermatome/myotome junction of the somites, the truncus ateriosus region of the heart and limb mesenchyme. Here we report that Wnt11 encodes a glycoprotein that is secreted from expressing cells and becomes associated with the extracellular matrix. In addition, Rat2 fibroblasts expressing WNT11 (which are not morphologically altered themselves) are able to induce the transformation of adjacent C57MG mammary epithelial cells in co-culture experiments. These results suggest that WNT11 functions via a paracrine signalling mechanism to have a direct effect on the morphology and growth characteristics of mammary epithelial cells.

PMID:
8700530
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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