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Mol Immunol. 1996 Apr;33(6):541-52.

Induction of costimulatory molecules B7-1 and B7-2 in murine B cells. the CBA/N mouse reveals a role for Bruton's tyrosine kinase in CD40-mediated B7 induction.

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Department of Immunology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


The binding of CD40 ligand on activated T cells to CD40 on resting B cells induces the expression of costimulatory molecules B7-1 (CD80) and B7-2 (CD86). The induction of B7 molecules by CD40 ligand-CD40 interaction represents a critical step in rendering B cells competent for antigen presentation. The CBA/N mouse has a defect in CD40 signalling which has been attributed to a mutation in Bruton's tyrosine kinase. We have compared the ability of murine CD40 ligand to induce B7-1 and B7-2 expression on B cells isolated from CBA/N and wild-type CBA/J mice. We find that the CBA/N defect partially impairs both B7-1 and B7-2 induction via CD40. Subsequent experiments investigated the roles of different second messenger systems in B7-1 and B7-2 induction in normal B cells. In M12 B lymphomas either CD40 cross-linking or cAMP treatment can induce B7 molecules. Here we report that treatment with dibutyryl-cAMP also induces B7 molecules in normal B cells provided that they have been preactivated by CD40 cross-linking. We also find that PMA and ionomycin treatment of B cells induces B7-2 but not B7-1 expression. Our data therefore show roles for BTK, cAMP and PMA/ionomycin in B7 induction, as well as providing further evidence for differential regulation of B7-1 and B7-2 induction in B cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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