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Lab Anim Sci. 1996 Feb;46(1):42-7.

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 alpha expression in a murine model of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.

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1
Unité de Recherche, Hôpital Laval, Université Laval, Ste-Foy, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) are two important proinflammatory cytokines that may be involved in allergic inflammatory processes. We recently developed a murine model of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis characterized by eosinophilic and lymphocyte lung infiltration and increased serum and bronchoalveolar lavage immunoglobulin E concentration. In this study we examined the expression of TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha in the lung tissue sections of C57BL/6 mice that were intranasally challenged with Aspergillus fumigatus antigen or saline on the first 3 days of each week and sacrificed on days 4, 7, 14, and 21. Compared with the control mice, A. fumigatus treated mice had a remarkable increase of TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha expression in the lung on days 4, 14, and 21, with a slight increase on day 7. The major types of cells expressing TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha included alveolar macrophages, endothelial cells, and bronchiolar and alveolar epithelial cells. Consistent with increased expression of TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression also was upregulated in the lung of A. fumigatus treated mice; its time course and cell types were similar to those of TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha expression. These results suggest that TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha may be involved in the A. fumigatus induced inflammatory process and that upregulated intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression may represent one of the roles played by TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha in this murine model.

PMID:
8699818
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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