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J Med Entomol. 1996 Jul;33(4):592-7.

Seasonal variations in density of questing Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) nymphs and prevalence of infection with B. burgdorferi s.l. in south central Sweden.

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Department of Zoology, University of Uppsala, Sweden.


Seasonal variations in the density of questing Ixodes ricinus (L.) nymphs and their prevalence of infection with Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. Johnson, Schmid, Hyde, Steigerwalt & Brenner were studied during 1991-1993 at a locality in southcentral Sweden. The seasonal pattern of the density of questing I. ricinus nymphs was variable; there was a bimodal pattern with peaks of similar magnitude in 1991, a bimodal pattern with a small spring peak and a greater autumn peak in 1992, and a unimodal pattern with a spring peak and lower values during summer and autumn in 1993. The seasonal pattern of prevalence of Borrelia infection in questing nymphs was similar during all 3 yr, with a peak infection prevalence in late spring or early summer, followed by lower infection prevalences in late summer and autumn. There was a significant correlation between the monthly density of Borrelia-infected nymphs and the monthly density of nymphs. This suggests that, within a certain range of nymphal densities, it may be possible to assess the density of Borrelia-infected I. ricinus nymphs without examining nymphs for B. burgdorferi s.l.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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