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Disabil Rehabil. 1996 Mar;18(3):123-9.

A force feedback joystick and control algorithm for wheelchair obstacle avoidance.

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University of Pittsburgh-SHRS, PA 15238, USA.


Many powered wheelchair users have difficulty manoeuvring in confined spaces. Common tasks such as traversing through doorways, turning around in halls or travelling on a straight path are complicated by an inability to accurately and reliably control the wheelchair with a joystick or other common input device, or by a sensory impairment that prevents the user from receiving feedback from the environment. An active joystick with force feedback to indicate obstacles in the environment has been developed. Two force feedback schemes designed to assist a powered wheelchair user have been developed and implemented using the active joystick. The development of the joystick and associated control algorithms are described.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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