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Blood. 1996 Aug 15;88(4):1339-49.

Opposite sorting of tissue factor in human umbilical vein endothelial cells and Madin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cells.

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Biotechnology Centre of Oslo, University of Oslo, Norway.


Tissue factor (TF) is a 48-kD transmembrane glycoprotein that triggers the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation by interacting with the plasma coagulation factor VII (FVII). TF is also a true receptor in that a cellular signal is generated when activated FVII (FVIIa) binds to TF. For both of these functions, the cellular surface distribution of TF is important, since FVII is primarily available on the apical side of vascular endothelial cells and on the basolateral side of epithelial cells lining the internal and external surfaces. We show that in endothelial cells, TF (both antigen and procoagulant activity) is sorted to the apical surface, whereas in wild-type and stably transfected Madin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cells (MDCK), which form tight junctions and express TF constitutively, TF antigen is on the basolateral surface. No significant clotting activity is detectable on this surface. Truncated TF (cytoplasmic tail residues 246 to 263 deleted) is sorted as wild-type in MDCK cells.

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