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Transplantation. 1996 Jul 15;62(1):51-5.

A randomized trial comparing safety and efficacy of OKT3 and a monoclonal anti-interleukin-2 receptor antibody (BT563) in the prevention of acute rejection after heart transplantation.

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Department of Internal Medicine I, University Hospital Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


In a prospective randomized trial, BT563, a murine IgG, anti-interleukin-2 receptor antibody, was compared with OKT3 for use as an early rejection prophylaxis after heart transplantation. Patients received either BT563 (n=31) or OKT3 (n=29) during the first 7 days after transplantation; cyclosporine was started on day 3. Median follow-up was 34 months. A cytokine release syndrome occurred in the majority of patients of the OKT3-treated group but in none of the BT563 recipients. The mean duration of electrical stimulation of the heart in the BT563 group was longer than in the OKT3 group (5.1 vs. 2.1 days). In both groups, one patient required insertion of a permanent pacemaker. Freedom from acute rejection at 3 months was not significantly different between the two groups (BT563: 5/29, 17%; OKT3: 6/29, 21%). In the BT563 group, however, rejection tended to occur earlier after transplantation. There was no difference in the overall incidence of rejection. The incidence of infectious complications was evenly distributed in both groups. Malignancies occurred in two patients, both in the OKT3 group. In conclusion, the use of this anti-interleukin-2 receptor monoclonal antibody in heart transplant recipients is safe and devoid of the side effects that accompany the use of OKT3. OKT3 and BT563 result in a similar freedom from rejection at 3 and 12 months after heart transplantation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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