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J Med Chem. 1996 Jun 7;39(12):2347-53.

Aristeromycin-5'-carboxaldehyde: a potent inhibitor of S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase.

Author information

1
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA.

Abstract

In an earlier study, Liu et al. (Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 1992, 2, 1741-1744) showed that both the E and Z isomers of 4',5'-didehydro-5'-fluoroaristeromycin were very potent irreversible inhibitors of S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolase. However, it was unclear from a mechanistic standpoint whether these vinyl fluorides were themselves type-I mechanism-based inhibitors causing reduction of enzyme-bound NAD+ or whether they were prodrug for aristeromycin-5'-carboxaldehyde, which was the ultimate type-I inhibitor. To elucidate this mechanism of enzyme inhibition, (4'S)- and (4'R)-aristeromycin-5'-carboxaldehydes (1a,b) were synthesized in this study and shown to be potent type-I mechanism-based inhibitors of AdoHcy hydrolase with k2/Ki values of 4.4 x 10(6) and 8.2 x 10(4)M-1min-1, respectively. However, Using 19F NMR and HPLC, it was shown that (4'S)-4,5'-dedehydro-5'-fluoraristeromycin in the presence of AdoHcy hydrolase did not release fluoride ion or generate aristeromycin-5'-carboxaldehyde (1a,b). These results suggest that the E and Z isomers of 4',5'-didehydro-5'-fluoroaristeromycin are inactivating AdoHcy hydrolase by directly reducing NAD+ to NADH and not using the hydrolytic activity of the enzyme to generate aristeromycin-5'-carboxaldehyde.

PMID:
8691429
DOI:
10.1021/jm950916u
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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