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Can J Cardiol. 1996 Jul;12(7):689-93.

Reversible cardiogenic shock in an angry woman--case report and review of the literature.

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Division of Cardiology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.


A previously healthy woman presented with ischemic cardiac pain and ST elevation suggestive of acute myocardial infarction following a 45 min argument. Despite receiving tissue plasminogen activator, she developed cardiogenic shock and objective evidence of recurrent ischemia, with only a small creatine kinase rise. Angiography revealed the unexpected findings of normal coronary anatomy and akinesis of the distal two-thirds of the left ventricle. Apart from an iliac vein thrombosis, the remainder of her course was characterized by dramatic recovery of cardiac function. The differential diagnosis of myocardial infarction with angiographically normal coronary arteries is discussed, with emphasis on aspects relevant to this case. The presence of high titre anticentromere antibodies, anticardiolipin antibodies, protein S deficiency and supportive physical findings, suggested the diagnosis of concurrent antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (with secondary acquired protein S deficiency) and CREST syndrome. The pathogenesis likely involved an interaction between stress, vasospasm, and thrombosis.

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