Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Stroke. 1996 Jul;27(7):1205-10.

Dementia after first stroke.

Author information

1
Neurologia 2, Ospedali Riuniti, Bergamo, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Cognitive deficits may significantly worsen the quality of life after stroke. Our aim was to determine the frequency of dementia in a consecutive series of previously nondemented patients between the ages of 40 and 79 years at 3 months after a first ischemic stroke.

METHODS:

All patients admitted to our department during an 18-month period who met the above criteria were visited and tested and underwent a CT scan 3 months after their stroke. Dementia was diagnosed according to criteria of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and AIREN, but cases with aphasia were not excluded.

RESULTS:

Of 304 patients admitted for stroke, 146 were eligible for study. Eleven refused to participate, 25 were dead at 3 months, and 110 were tested. Fifteen patients were demented (13.6%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 7.8% to 21.5%), and six had severe isolated aphasia, neglect, or memory deficit (5.4%). Excluding patients with aphasia, 5.0% of cases showed dementia (95% CI, 1.6% to 11.3%). The frequency of dementia was 24.6% (95% CI, 14.5% to 37.3%), considering only patients with supratentorial lesions and with residual deficits of elementary functions (paresis, sensory deficits) at the time of examination. Demented patients had significantly more diabetes (P<.029), atrial fibrillation (P=.032), aphasia at entry (P<.001), large middle cerebral artery infarctions (P=.001), and a more severe neurological deficit at entry (P=.003) and at 3 months (P=.001). At CT scan, demented patients had a larger mean volume of the recent lesion (P<.001) and more lesions in the frontal lobe (P=.041). An exploratory multivariate analysis selected age between 60 and 69 years (odds ratio [OR], 45.8; 95% CI, 2.9 to 726.0), diabetes (OR 59.4; 95% CI, 4.3 to 821.0), aphasia (OR, 14.8; 95% CI, 2.0 to 111.0), a large middle cerebral artery infarction (OR, 30.0; 95% CI, 2.7 to 334.0), and lesions of the frontal lobe (OR, 9.8; 95% CI, 1.3 to 72.8) as significant independent correlates of poststroke dementia.

CONCLUSIONS:

Dementia is relatively frequent after a clinical first stroke in persons younger than 80 years, and aphasia is very often associated with poststroke dementia. If aphasic patients are not considered, it may be necessary to screen a very large number of subjects to collect an adequate sample of demented cases.

PMID:
8685929
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center