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FEBS Lett. 1996 Jun 24;389(1):25-31.

A structural model for the membrane-integral domain of succinate: quinone oxidoreductases.

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Department of Microbiology, Lund University, Sweden.


Many succinate:quinone oxidoreductases in bacteria and mitochondria, i.e. succinate:quinone reductases and fumarate reductases, contain in the membrane anchor a cytochrome b whose structure and function is poorly understood. Based on biochemical data and polypeptide sequence information, we show that the anchors in different organisms are related despite an apparent diversity in polypeptide and heme composition. A general structural model for the membrane-integral domain of the anchors is proposed. It is an antiparallel four-helix bundle with a novel arrangement of hexa-coordinated protoheme IX. The structure can be applied to a larger group of membrane-integral cytochromes of b-type and has evolutionary and functional implications.

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