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Chem Phys Lipids. 1996 May 24;80(1-2):45-57.

Phosphatidate phosphohydrolase and signal transduction.

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Signal Transduction Laboratory, Heritage Medical Research Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.


A Mg(2+)-independent and N-ethylmaleimide-insensitive phosphatidate phosphohydrolase (PAP-2) has been identified in the plasma membrane of cells and it has been purified. The enzyme is a multi-functional phosphohydrolase that can dephosphorylate phosphatidate, lysophosphatidate, sphingosine 1-phosphate and ceramide 1-phosphate and these substrates are competitive inhibitors of the reaction. The action of PAP-2 could terminate signalling by these bioactive lipids and at the same time generates compounds such as diacylglycerol, sphingosine and ceramide which are also potent signalling molecules. In relation to phosphatidate metabolism, sphingosine (or sphingosine 1-phosphate) stimulates phospholipase D and thus the formation of phosphatidate. At the same time sphingosine inhibits PAP-2 activity thus further increasing phosphatidate concentrations. By contrast, ceramides inhibit the activation of phospholipase D by a wide variety of agonists and increase the dephosphorylation of phosphatidate, lysophosphatidate, sphingosine 1-phosphate and ceramide 1-phosphate. These actions demonstrate "cross-talk' between the glycerolipid and sphingolipid signalling pathways and the involvement of PAP-2 in modifying the balance of the bioactive lipids generated by these pathways during cell activation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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