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Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Aug;153(8):1037-42.

cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity in major depression.

Author information

1
Psychopharmacology Division, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37212, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The author's intent was to evaluate the activity of the beta-adrenoceptor-linked, cAMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A) in patients with major depression compared with a group of nondepressed volunteer subjects.

METHOD:

Skin fibroblast samples were obtained by 2-mm punch biopsy from 12 patients (11 were women) who had major depression diagnosed according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R and from 10 nondepressed volunteers (seven were women). Fibroblasts were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium. Baseline and cAMP-stimulated activities of protein kinase A were determined in both particulate and supernatant fractions (900g). Linkage of the finding to beta adrenergic receptor function was evaluated by determination of protein kinase A activity after incubation of the confluent cultures for 30 minutes with 10 microM isoproterenol.

RESULTS:

There were significant differences between groups in the baseline and cAMP-stimulated phosphorylation in the supernatant fraction. Moreover, the attenuated protein kinase A response was accompanied by a blunted isoproterenol response.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with depression exhibit significantly less activity of beta-adrenoceptor-linked protein kinase A than do normal subjects. The reductions in protein kinase A activity support the significance of beta-receptor-mediated events in depression.

PMID:
8678172
DOI:
10.1176/ajp.153.8.1037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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