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J Med Chem. 1996 Mar 1;39(5):1039-48.

2,4-Diarylpyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acids--potent ETA selective endothelin receptor antagonists. 1. Discovery of A-127722.

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Abbott Laboratories, Aging and Degenerative Diseases Research and Drug Analysis Department, Pharmaceutical Products Division, Abbott Park, Illinois 60064, USA.


We have discovered a novel class of endothelin (ET) receptor antagonists through pharmacophore analysis of the existing non-peptide ET antagonists. On the basis of this analysis, we determined that a pyrrolidine ring might replace the indian ring in SB 209670. The resultant compounds were readily prepared and amenable to extensive SAR studies. Thus a series of N-substituted trans,trans-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)pyrroli din e-3- carboxylic acids (8) have been synthesized and evaluated for binding at ET(A) and ET(B) receptors. Compounds with N-acyl and simple N-alkyl substituents had weak activity. Compounds with N-alkyl substituents containing ethers, sulfoxides, or sulfones showed increased activity. Much improved activity resulted from compounds where the N-substituents were acetamides. Compound 17u (A-127722) with the N,N-dibutylacetamide substituent is the best of the series. It has an IC(50)=0.36 nM for inhibition of ET-1 radioligand binding at the ET(A) receptor, with a 1000-fold selectivity for the ET(A) vs the ET(B) receptor. It is also a potent inhibitor (IC(50)=0.16 nM) of phosphoinositol hydrolysis stimulated by ET-1, and it antagonized the ET-1-induced contraction of the rabbit aorta with a pA(2)=9.20. The compound has 70% oral bioavailability in rats.

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