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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1996 Jun 1;139(2-3):155-9.

Production of an autoinducer of growth by norepinephrine cultured Escherichia coli O157:H7.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Mankato State University, MN 56002, USA.


Escherichia coli O157:H7 were cultured in the presence of norepinephrine to generate conditioned media. The presence of a growth-inducing factor(s) in the conditioned media was examined by measurements of the ability of conditioned media to support the growth of fresh cultures of E coli O157:H7. Supplementation of fresh cultures with as little as 0.024% (v/v) norepinephrine conditioned medium resulted in increased growth as compared to controls, thereby indicating the presence of an autoinducer of growth. Analysis of the production kinetics for the autoinducer during the generation of conditioned media indicates that it differs from other more well characterized autoinducers. It is proposed that the neurohumoral environment of the host may contribute to the production of bacterial growth factors.

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