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Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1996 Jul;80(1):16-22.

Antibodies to phospholipid-binding plasma proteins and occurrence of thrombosis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

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Department of Immunobiology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.


There is accumulating evidence that anti-phospholipid (aPL) antibodies in the sera of patients with autoimmune diseases bind to a complex of anionic phospholipids and plasma phospholipid-binding proteins, namely beta 2-glycoprotein I (beta 2-GPI) and prothrombin. It has been suggested that a conformational change in beta 2-GPI, induced by binding either to anionic phospholipids or to the oxygen molecules on the irradiated microtiter plate, reveals cryptic antigenic epitope(s) in the native protein. We used an enzyme-linked immunoassay for measuring antibodies against two phospholipid-binding proteins, i.e., beta 2-GPI and prothrombin, absorbed to an irradiated plate in an unselected series of 139 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Elevated levels of antibodies against beta 2-GPI were found in 49% of patients and antibodies against prothrombin in 34% of patients. Both antibodies were significantly associated with deep venous thrombosis in patients with SLE (P = 0.009 for both antibodies). Accordingly, testing of these antibodies seems to be clinically useful in evaluating the risk of thrombosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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