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Circulation. 1996 Jul 15;94(2):151-7.

Comparison of d,l-sotalol and implantable defibrillators for treatment of sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation in patients with coronary artery disease.

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1
Westfälische Wilhelms-University, Department of Cardiology, Münster, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and d,l-sotalol are widely used to treat ventricular tachyarrhythmia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF). The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term efficacy of d,l-sotalol and ICDs in patients with coronary artery disease.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

In a case-control study, 50 patients treated with oral d,l-sotalol were matched to 50 patients treated with ICDs. Both groups were matched for sex (82 men), age (58 +/- 10 years), ejection fraction (40 +/- 12%), extent of coronary artery disease, presenting arrhythmia, and year that treatment began. In all patients in the sotalol group, VT/VF was inducible in the drug-free electrophysiological study. Induction of sustained VT/VF was suppressed by d,l-sotalol (438 +/- 95 mg/d). In the ICD group, either VT/VF was not inducible (n = 5) or inducible sustained VT/VF was refractory to antiarrhythmic drug treatment (n = 45). Sotalol treatment led to a marked reduction in arrhythmic events. Whereas 83% of the patients in the sotalol group were free of sudden death and nonfatal VT at 3 years, only 33% of the ICD patients did not receive appropriate ICD therapies (P < .005). Actuarial rates for absence of sudden death at 3 years were 85% in the sotalol group and 100% in the ICD group (P < .005). Actuarial rates for overall survival at 3 years were 75% in the sotalol group and 85% in the ICD group (P = .02).

CONCLUSIONS:

In this case-control study, ICD therapy was more effective tha electrophysiologically guided antiar-rhythmic treatment with d,l-sotalol in prevention of sudden death and reduction of total morality in patients with coronary artery disease. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these results.

PMID:
8674173
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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