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Biochemistry. 1996 Jun 18;35(24):8035-44.

Cell cycle-dependent phosphorylation of nucleoporins and nuclear pore membrane protein Gp210.

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Département de Biologie Cellulaire, Institut Jacques Monod, CNRS, Université Paris 7, France.


During mitosis in higher eukaryotic cells, the nuclear envelope membranes break down into distinct populations of vesicles and the proteins of the nuclear lamina and the nuclear pore complexes disperse in the cytoplasm. Since phosphorylation can alter protein-protein interactions and membrane traffic, we have examined the cell cycle-dependent phosphorylation of nuclear pore complex proteins. Nonmembrane nucleoporins Nup153, Nup214, and Nup358 that are modified by O-linked N-acetylglucosamine and recognized by a monoclonal antibody were phosphorylated throughout the cell cycle and hyperphosphorylated during M phase. Pore membrane glycoprotein gp210, that has a cytoplasmic, carboxyl-terminal domain facing the pore, was not phosphorylated in interphase but specifically phosphorylated in mitosis. Mutant and wild-type fusion proteins containing the cytoplasmic domain of gp210 were phosphorylated in vitro and their phosphopeptide maps compared to that of mitotic gp210. This analysis showed that Ser1880 of gp210 was phosphorylated in mitosis, possibly by cyclin B-p34cdc2 or a related kinase. Several nuclear pore complex proteins are therefore differentially phosphorylated during mitosis when pore complexes disassemble and reassemble.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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