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Prog Pediatr Surg. 1977;10:111-20.

Imperforate Anus: a five to thirty year follow-up perspective.


A twenty-five year experience with 284 patients with imperforate anus has been reviewed, with a 5 to 30 year assessment after surgical intervention. The following conclusions seem to be suggested by the study: 1. There was a 20% mortality overall, with the greatest number of these occurring in the Type III high lesions. Eighty per cent of the deaths were unrelated to imperforate anus and resulted from associated anomalies. 2. Eighty-eight per cent of the overall series achieved socially acceptable continence. Four out of five poor results occurred in the Type III high lesions. 3. Functional results achieved in imperforate anus surgery seem more closely related to the anatomy presented to the surgeon than by his choice of operative procedure. 4. Continence is more slowly achieved in an imperforate anus patient than in a normal child. It is an evolutionary process which seems to improve with age, being especially influenced by the social motivation that comes with puberty. 5. An appreciable number of patients with poor musculature for continence remain clean by promptly heeding the defection signals, by avoiding laxative foods, and by enforced constipation. 6. Secondary surgery when the levator sling muscles have been missed or partially bypassed seems to improve continence in a high percentage of patients.

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