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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1996 Mar;78(2):229-32.

An evaluation of the Constant-Murley shoulder assessment.

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Oxford Orthopaedic Engineering Centre, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, UK.


We have analysed the Constant-Murley (1987) assessment for 25 patients with shoulder pathology. We found the score easy to use, with low inter- and intraobserver errors, but sufficiently imprecise in repeated measurements to give concern in its use for clinical follow-up of patients. We have calculated 95% confidence limits for a single assessment to be within 16 to 20 points in most cases. In addition, we found that all our subjects with instability as their main problem scored within five points of the maximum; this suggests that the scoring method may need to be revised for use on these patients.

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