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Gene. 1996 May 8;170(2):249-54.

Sequence of the immunoregulatory early region 3 and flanking sequences of adenovirus type 35.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.


Adenovirus type 35 (Ad35) is an important pathogen in immunosuppressed individuals such as AIDS patients and bone marrow transplant recipients. Ad35, a member of Ad subgroup B, differs with respect to pathogenic properties from the more fully characterized subgroup C Ad, such as Ad2 and Ad5. One region of human Ad which varies between subgroups and which may influence Ad pathogenesis is early region 3 (E3), a region which appears to modulate the immune response to Ad infection. In order to begin to characterize the differences between the Ad35 E3 and the E3 of other Ad, the complete DNA sequence of the Ad35 E3 promoter and coding sequence along with two flanking structural proteins, pVIII and fiber, has been determined. Ad35 contains open reading frames which are unique to the subgroup B Ad in addition to the four characterized immunoregulatory proteins encoded by the subgroup C Ad. Further evaluation of the sequence of one of these proteins, 18.5K, which is the class-I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) binding protein of 18.5 kDa, demonstrates that the amino acid sequence of this Ad2 gp19K homologue fits a proposed model of gp19K-MHC interaction. Analysis of promoter sequences demonstrates that an NF-kappa B site found in the subgroup C E3 promoter is absent from the Ad35 E3 promoter. In addition, the fiber genes of Ad35 and other subgroup B Ad have been shown to diverge in an unexpected way, yielding three clusters of fiber homology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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