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Eur J Biochem. 1996 Mar 15;236(3):911-21.

Solution structure of the DNA-binding domain of the tomato heat-stress transcription factor HSF24.

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1
Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Biocenter of the Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt, Germany.

Abstract

Two-dimensional-NMR and three-dimensional-NMR experiments were performed to determine the solution structure of the DNA-binding domain of the tomato heat-stress transcription factor HSF24. Samples of uniformly 15N-labeled and 15N, 13C-labeled recombinant proteins were used in the investigation. A near-complete assignment of the backbone 1H, 15N, and 13C resonances was obtained by three-dimensional triple-resonance experiments, whereas three-dimensional 15N-TOCSY-heteronuclear-single-quantum-correlation-spectroscopy, HCCH-COSY and HCCH-TOCSY spectra were recorded for side-chain assignments, 885 non-redundant distance constraints from two-dimensional-homonuclear and three-dimensional-15N-edited and 13C-edited NOESY spectra and 40 hydrogen-bond constraints from exchange experiments were used for structure calculations. The resulting three-dimensional structure contains a three-helix bundle and a small four-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet that forms a hydrophobic core. The two C-terminal helices are parts of a highly conserved helix-turn-helix motif that is probably involved in DNA recognition and binding. In contrast to heat-stress factors from yeast and animals, the plant heat-stress factors lack a loop of 11 amino acid residues inserted between beta3 and beta4. This leads to a tight turn between these beta-strands.

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