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Biochemistry. 1996 Apr 16;35(15):4732-40.

Kinetic comparison of the specificity of the vancomycin resistance VanSfor two response regulators, VanR and PhoB.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Induction of vancomycin resistance in the Gram-positive Enterococci requires a two-componet regulatory system, VanS and VanR, for transcriptional activation of three genes (vanH, A, X) that encode enzymes for a cell wall biosynthetic pathway that produces an altered peptidoglycan intermediate with lower affinity for the antibiotic. The catalytic efficiency (kcat/KM) has been determined for phosphotransfer from the phosphohistidyl form of VanS to both its homologous partner VanR and the heterologous (Escherichia coli) response regulator Phob. The rate of formation of the phosphoaapartyl forms of VanR and PhoB were determined as well as the rate of appearance of inorganic phosphate. Using PhoB in excess of P-VanS, a pseudo-first-order rate constant (kxfer) of 0.2 min-1 for phosphotransfer and a KM for PhoB of 100 microM were readily determined. The corresponding kxfer of 96 min-1 for phosphotransfer from P-VanS to VanR required quench kinetics. A KM of 3 microM was estimated for VanR, leading to a 10(4)-fold preference in kxfer/KM for phosphotransfer to VanR compared to PhoB. No phosphotransfer was detachable to three other E. coli response regulators, OmpR, ArcB, or CreB, providing some sense of the selectivity against two-component regulatory system cross-talk. In the phosphotransfer from P-VanS to PhoB and VanR, there was evidence of competition between water, to give Pi, and the specific aspartyl beta-COO- moiety of either PhoB or VanR with about 25% of the initial flux generating inorganic phosphate. The kinetics of phosphotransfer from P-VanS to VanR were complicated by inhibition by free VanS but, the inhibition pattern could be modeled to yield at KD of 30 nM for VanR binding to free VanS, an affinity similar to that of the CheA-CheY pair in E. coli chemotaxis.

PMID:
8664263
DOI:
10.1021/bi9525435
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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