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J Biol Chem. 1996 Jun 7;271(23):13786-95.

Identification of a murine TEF-1-related gene expressed after mitogenic stimulation of quiescent fibroblasts and during myogenic differentiation.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Holland Laboratory, American Red Cross, Rockville, Maryland 20855, USA.


Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1 binding to cell surface receptors stimulates an intracellular signaling pathway that ultimately promotes the transcriptional activation of specific genes. We have used a mRNA differential display method to identify FGF-1-inducible genes in mouse NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. Here, we report that one of these genes, FGF-regulated (FR)-19, is predicted to encode a member of the transcriptional enhancer factor (TEF)-1 family of structurally related DNA-binding proteins. Specifically, the deduced FR-19 amino acid sequence has approximately89, 77, and 68% overall identity to chicken TEF-1A, mouse TEF-1, and mouse embryonic TEA domain-containing factor, respectively. Gel mobility shift experiments indicate that FR-19, like TEF-1, can bind the GT-IIC motif found in the SV40 enhancer. The FR-19 gene maps in the distal region of mouse chromosome 6, and analysis of several FR-19 cDNA clones indicates that at least two FR-19 isoforms may be expressed from this locus. FGF-1 induction of FR-19 mRNA expression in mouse fibroblasts is first detectable at 4 h after FGF-1 addition and is dependent on de novo RNA and protein synthesis. FGF-2, calf serum, platelet-derived growth factor-BB, and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate can also induce FR-19 mRNA levels. We have also found that FR-19 mRNA expression increases during mouse C2C12 myoblast differentiation in vitro. The FR-19 gene is expressed in vivo in a tissue-specific manner, with a relatively high level detected in lung. These results indicate that increased expression of a TEF-1-related protein may be important for both mitogen-stimulated fibroblast proliferation and skeletal muscle cell differentiation.

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