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J Mol Evol. 1996 May;42(5):570-9.

Molecular evolution of maize catalases and their relationship to other eukaryotic and prokaryotic catalases.

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1
Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7614, USA.

Abstract

We have compared the nucleotide and protein sequences of the three maize catalase genes with other plant catalases to reconstruct the evolutionary relationship among these catalases. These sequences were also compared with other eukaryotic and prokaryotic catalases. Phylogenies based on distances and parsimony analysis show that all plant catalases derive from a common ancestral catalase gene and can be divided into three distinct groups. The first, and major, group includes maize Cat1, barley Cat1, rice CatB, and most of the dicot catalases. The second group is an apparent dicot-specific catalase group encompassing the tobacco Cat2 and tomato Cat. The third is a monocot-specific catalase class including the maize Cat3, barley Cat2, and rice CatA. The maize Cat2 gene is loosely related to the first group. The distinctive features of monocot-specific catalases are their extreme high codon bias at the third position and low degree of sequence similarity to other plant catalases. Similarities in the intron positions for several plant catalase genes support the conclusion of derivation from a common ancestral gene. The similar intron position between bean catalases and human catalase implies that the animal and plant catalases might have derived from a common progenitor gene sequence.

PMID:
8662009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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