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Exp Cell Res. 1996 Jul 10;226(1):183-90.

Poly(ADPribosyl)ation system in rat germinal cells at different stages of differentiation.

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Department of Organic and Biological Chemistry, University Federico II, Naples, Italy.


In order to study the possible functional relationship between poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation and spermatogenesis, the three main germinal cell types have been isolated and characterized as haploid spermatids and diploid and tetraploid spermatocytes. Purified germinal cell populations and rats of different age were used for activity-, immuno-, and Northern blot experiments, to determine at which level poly(ADPR)polymerase (PARP) is regulated at various stages of spermatogenesis. Poly(ADPR)glycohydrolase (PARG) activity was also determined, as was the subcellular distribution of both PARP and PARG enzymes. The results show that the maximum of both PARP amount and PARP activity can be detected on tetraploid spermatocytes which undergo meiotic division, whereas PARG activity does not differ in germinal cells; the cytoplasmic form of this enzyme is prevalent in testis. Moreover, a difference in timing was observed in maximal level between PARP expression, determined on testis from 60-day-old rats, and PARP activity, detected on testis from 30-day-old animals. It seems that different mechanisms modulate the poly(ADPribosyl)ation system during spermatogenesis. Regulation of the poly(ADPribose) turnover, variations of PARP amount, as well as changes of PARP transcription level, seem to accompany germinal cell differentiation, possibly being implicated in DNA replication, repair, and transcription.

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