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Cell Immunol. 1996 Jun 15;170(2):161-7.

Vitamin D3-binding protein as a precursor for macrophage activating factor in the inflammation-primed macrophage activation cascade in rats.

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1
Laboratory of Cancer Immunology and Molecular Biology, Albert Einstein Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19141, USA.

Abstract

When rat peritoneal nonadherent cells were treated with inflammatory lipid metabolites and cultured with adherent cells in 1% fetal calf serum (FCS) supplemented medium RPMI 1640 (FCS medium) for 3 hr, markedly enhanced phagocytic and superoxide generating capacities of macrophages were observed. Stepwise preparation of conditioned medium of lysophosphatidylcholine (lyso-Pc)-treated B cells and untreated T cells in FCS medium generated a potent macrophage activating factor whereas cultivation of lyso-Pc-treated B cells alone in a 1% adult rat serum supplemented medium efficiently generated the macrophage activating factor. Generation of macrophage activating factor requires a precursor protein, serum vitamin D3-binding protein (DBP), as well as participation of lymphocyte glycosidases. The lyso-Pc-inducible beta-galactosidase of B lymphocytes and the Neu-1 sialidase of T lymphocytes modified bovine DBP (bDBP) to yield the macrophage activating factor, a protein with N-acetylgalactosamine as the remaining sugar. In contrast, lyso-Pc-inducible beta-galactosidase of B cells alone modified rat DBP (rDBP) to yield the macrophage activating factor, a protein with N-acetylgalactosamine as the remaining sugar. Thus, we conclude that bDBP carries a trisaccharide composed of N-acetylgalactosamine, galactose, and sialic acid while rDBP carries a disaccharide composed of N-acetylgalactosamine and galactose.

PMID:
8660814
DOI:
10.1006/cimm.1996.0148
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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