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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1996 Jul 1;331(1):31-40.

1,4-Benzoquinone reductase from basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium: spectral and kinetic analysis.

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Department of Chemistry,Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology, Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, Portland, Oregon 97291-1000, USA.


The reaction mechanism of a 1,4-benzoquinone reductase from the wood-rotting basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium was investigated. The native, oxidized, FMN-containing enzyme was reduced quantitatively by NADH and the resulting reduced enzyme was reoxidized in the presence of one equivalent of 2,6-di-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinone (DMBQ). The stoichiometry of NADH oxidation versus DMBQ reduction is 1:1. The enzyme catalyzes the reduction of quinones to hydroquinones by a ping-pong steady-state mechanism. However, inhibition is observed at low NADH concentrations. Quinone products derived from the autooxidation of the unstable compounds 1,2,4-trihydroxybenzene and 5-chloro-2,3,4-trihydroxybenzene also appear to be substrates for the quinone reductase. The enzyme reduces the one-electron acceptors ferricyanide and ferricytochrome c (Cc3+) with rates of 58.4 and 0.08%, respectively, compared to DMBQ. The stoichiometry of NADH oxidation versus ferricyanide reduction is 1:2. In the presence of quinones the rates of Cc3+ and ferricyanide reduction are increased, owing to the nonenzymatic reduction of these acceptors by enzyme-generated hydroquinone products. Dicumarol and Cibacron blue are competitive inhibitors with respect to NADH, with Ki values of 2.1 and 0.30 microM, respectively. Reconstitution of the apoprotein with FMN yields a fully active enzyme at an FMN-to-protein ratio of 2:1, suggesting that the flavin content of the enzyme is two molecules of FMN per dimer.

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