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J Am Dent Assoc. 1996 Apr;127(4):475-82.

Clinical assessment of bad breath: current concepts.

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Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel.

Erratum in

  • J Am Dent Assoc 1996 May;127(5):570.


Bad breath typically originates in the mouth, often from the back of the tongue. Nasal problems also can cause bad breath; odor generated in this manner can be easily distinguished from mouth odor by comparing the odor exiting the mouth and nose. In most cases, good professional oral care combined with a daily regimen of oral hygiene--including interdental cleaning, deep tongue cleaning and optional use of an efficacious mouthrinse---will lead to improvement. This article discusses common causes of oral malodor as well as methods to assess the extent of the problem.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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