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Eur J Biochem. 1996 Feb 1;235(3):613-21.

In vitro protein folding by ribosomes from Escherichia coli, wheat germ and rat liver: the role of the 50S particle and its 23S rRNA.

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1
Department of Biophysics, Molecular Biology and Genetics, University of Calcutta, India.

Abstract

Ribosomes from a number of prokaryotic and eukaryotic sources (e.g. Escherichia coli, wheat germ and rat liver) can refold a number of enzymes which are denatured with guanidine/HC1 prior to incubation with ribosomes. In this report, we present our observations on the refolding of denatured lactate dehydrogenase from rabbit muscle and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase from baker's yeast by ribosomes from E. coli, wheat germ and rat liver. The protein-folding activity of E. coli ribosomes was found to be present in 50S particles and in 23S rRNA. The 30S particle or 16S rRNA did not show any protein-folding activity. The protein-folding activity of 23S rRNA may depend on its tertiary conformation. Loss of tertiary structure, by incubation with low concentrations of EDTA, inhibited the protein-folding activity of 23S rRNA. This low concentration of EDTA had no effect on folding of the denatured enzymes by themselves.

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