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Eur J Biochem. 1996 Feb 1;235(3):557-63.

Secretory non-pancreatic phospholipase A2 and cyclooxygenase-2 expression by tracheobronchial smooth muscle cells.

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Wellesley Hospital Research Institute, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Lipid mediators of inflammation, contribute to airway hyper-reactivity in asthma. Since production of lipid mediators is largely regulated by phospholipase A2 (PLA2), and since PLA2 expression in mesenchymal cells is induced by cytokines and other signals, we examined PLA2 expression by rat tracheobronchial smooth muscle cells (TBSMC). PLA2 expression in TBSMC cultures was markedly increased by tumour-necrosis factor (TNF) alpha (130-fold) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) (7.4-fold). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS;100 ng/ml) resulted in a 51-fold increase in extracellular PLA2 activity. PLA2 expression by LPS-stimulated or cytokine-stimulated cells was downregulated by dexamethasone. Whereas forskolin or dibutyrl cAMP increased PLA2 activity, inhibition of protein kinase A but not tyrosine kinase reduced PLA2 expression. Northern blot analysis showed that TNF alpha and IL-1beta increased both PLA2 and inducible cyclooxygenase (Cox-2) mRNA transcription. Addition of dexamethasone substantially blunted the increase in PLA2 and Cox-2 mRNA. In contrast, the level of Cox-1 mRNA was very low and did not change with the various treatments. Since proinflammatory lipid mediators have been implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma and PLA2 activity regulates generation of these lipid mediators, cytokine-stimulated synthesis and release of PLA2 by airway smooth cells may contribute to the potentiation of airway inflammation in asthma.

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