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Cancer Res. 1996 Jun 1;56(11):2662-5.

Augmentation of tumor metastasis by platelet-activating factor.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, Chunnam National University, Kwangju, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The effect of platelet-activating factor (PAF) on experimental pulmonary metastasis by the B16F10 murine melanoma and the possible involvement of PAF in the activities of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 1alpha (IL-1alpha) in tumor metastasis were investigated. i.p. injection of PAF enhanced the lung colonization in a dose- and time-dependent manner. PAF enhanced lung colonization when it was administered after, but not before, B16F10 inoculation. Multiple injections of PAF were more effective than a single injection. Neutralization of endogenous PAF with PAF antagonist BN50739 decreased lung colonization, suggesting that endogenous PAF plays an important role in pulmonary metastases. A single i.p. injection of TNF-alpha or IL-1alpha caused a marked enhancement in lung colonization. TNF-alpha- and IL-1alpha-mediated enhancement in lung colonies was significantly inhibited by BN50739. These results demonstrate that PAF has a metastasis-enhancing effect and is a mediator of the metastatic activities of TNF-alpha and IL-1alpha.

PMID:
8653713
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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