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Oncogene. 1996 Jun 6;12(11):2403-8.

Selective cooperation of HTLV-1-encoded p40tax-1 with cellular oncoproteins in the induction of hematopoietic cell proliferation.

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Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.


Human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiologic agent of adult T cell leukemia (ATL). The virus-encoded p40tax-1, a nuclear oncoprotein, is known to promote transcription of its own as well as a variety of cellular genes. However, the mechanism by which p40tax-1 promotes lymphocyte transformation is not fully understood. In the present study, we examined whether p40tax-1 can induce hematopoietic cell proliferation by cooperating with the products of cellular proto-oncogenes; i.e. an activated form of the src-family protein tyrosine kinase p56lck (lck F505), c-Myc or Bcl-2. These oncoproteins are critical mediators of interleukin 2 (IL-2)-induced proliferative signals. We show that p40tax-1 alone cannot render the hematopoietic cell line, BAF-B03, able to proliferate in the absence of cytokines, but it can do so in cooperation with lckF505, or c-Myc but not with Bcl-2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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