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J Biol Chem. 1996 May 24;271(21):12209-12.

AGN193109 is a highly effective antagonist of retinoid action in human ectocervical epithelial cells.

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Department of Physiology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4970 USA.


Retinoids are important physiological agents that regulate epithelial cell differentiation and proliferation. The importance of these agents in regulating growth, development, and differentiation has led to a search for new retinoid agonists and antagonists. In the present manuscript we show that AGN193109, a retinoid analog, is an efficient antagonist of retinoid action in human cervical epithelial cells. Treatment of ECE16-1 cells with natural or synthetic retinoids reduces cytokeratin K5, K6, K14, K16, and K17 levels, increases cytokeratin K7, K8, and K19 levels, increases retinoic acid receptor-beta (RAR beta) mRNA levels, suppresses proliferation, and alters cell morphology. Co-treatment with AGN193109 prevents these responses. Half-maximal and maximal antagonism is observed at a molar ratio of AGN193109: retinoid agonist of 1:1 and 10:1, respectively. When administered alone AGN193109 has no agonist activity. Thus, AGN193109, which binds to RAR alpha, RAR beta, and RAR gamma with Kd values = 2,2, and 3 nm, respectively, but is unable to bind to the retinoid X receptors, is a highly active antagonist of retinoid action in ECE16-1 cells.

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