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Eur J Biochem. 1996 Apr 15;237(2):350-6.

Muconolactone isomerase of the 3-oxoadipate pathway catalyzes dechlorination of 5-chloro-substituted muconolactones.

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1
Department of Microbiology, National Research Centre for Biotechnology, Braunschweig, Germany.

Abstract

An enzyme of Alcaligenes eutrophus JMP 134 which catalyzes dechlorination of (4R, 5R)- and (4R,5S)-5-chloro-3-methyl- and (4R, 5S)-5-chloromuconolactone of principally 3-methyl-trans-, 3-methyl-cis-dienelactone and cis-dienelactone, respectively, was purified to homogeneity. The enzyme was identified as muconolactone isomerase on the basis of its high activity with muconolactone and on its high degree of sequence similarity with previously described muconolactone isomerases. Molecular mass determinations of the highly hydrophobic and heat-resistant enzyme indicated a decameric structure involving a single 10.100-kDa subunit similar to that of muconolactone isomerase of Pseudomonas putida. Kinetic analysis showed cooperative effects between the subunits during conversion of (4R, 5S)-5-chloro-3 -methylmuconolactone. (4R, 5S)-5-chloromuconolactone was the preferred substrate, over the natural substrate (4S)-muconolactone. The (4S, 5S)-structure was found to be an inhibitor of (4R, 5R)-5-chloro-3-methylmuconolactone transformation. Methylsubstitution of the substrate results in a higher affinity for the enzyme, but a drastically lower velocity, resulting in a lower specificity constant.

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