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Cell. 1996 May 31;85(5):683-93.

Localization of matrix metalloproteinase MMP-2 to the surface of invasive cells by interaction with integrin alpha v beta 3.

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Department of Immunology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.


Cellular invasion depends on cooperation between adhesive and proteolytic mechanisms. Evidence is provided that the matrix metalloproteinase MMP-2 can be localized in a proteolytically active form on the surface of invasive cells, based on its ability to bind directly integrin alpha v beta 3. MMP-2 and alpha v beta 3 were specifically colocalized on angiogenic blood vessels and melanoma cells in vivo. Expression of alpha v beta 3 on cultured melanoma cells enabled their binding to MMP-2 in a proteolytically active form, facilitating cell-mediated collagen degradation. In vitro, these proteins formed an SDS-stable complex that depended on the noncatalytic C-terminus of MMP-2, since a truncation mutant lost the ability to bind alpha v beta 3. These findings define a single cell-surface receptor that regulates both matrix degradation and motility, thereby facilitating directed cellular invasion.

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