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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1996 Feb;20(2):121-9.

Biological maturation and the distribution of subcutaneous fat from adolescence into adulthood: the Amsterdam Growth and Health Study.

Author information

1
Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze differences in the development of a trunk-oriented fat distribution pattern between 13 and 27 years of age in individuals who either matured rapidly or slowly in adolescence.

DESIGN:

Longitudinal, observational, four annual measurements between 1977 and 1980 and additional measurements in 1985 and 1991.

SUBJECTS:

79 boys, 98 girls, health Caucasian schoolchildren, classified as rapidly, normally or slowly maturing.

MEASUREMENTS:

biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac skinfolds resulting in two skinfold ratios, body mass index, skeletal age, peak height velocity (for boys only), age at menarche.

RESULTS:

No statistically significant differences were found between rapidly and slowly maturing boys and girls, based on the skeletal age or the peak height velocity. Girls with a relatively early menarche showed significant higher mean skinfold ratios between 13 and 27 years of age than girls with a relatively late menarche.

CONCLUSION:

Skeletal maturation of boys and girls and peak height velocity (only measured in boys) are not associated with a trunk-oriented fat distribution pattern between 13 and 27 years of age. Only a relatively early menarche in girls seems to be associated with a trunk-oriented fat distribution pattern from adolescence into adulthood.

PMID:
8646248
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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