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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 1996;122(6):360-5.

The p53 gene is a potent determinant of chemosensitivity and radiosensitivity in gastric and colorectal cancers.

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1
Department of Surgery, Okayama University Medical School, Japan.

Abstract

We previously reported that introduction of the wild-type p53 gene into human cancer cells with deleted p53 enhanced apoptosis induced by chemotherapy [Fujiwara et al. (1994) Cancer Res 54:2287]. This suggests that p53 status could be a potent determinant of the therapeutic efficacy of DNA-damaging cancer therapy. We analyzed 24 patients with gastric or colorectal cancer for p53 mutations and apoptotic changes in surgical specimens. Out of 11 patients with gastric cancer, 3 were treated with chemotherapeutic drugs before resection; 5 of 13 patients with colorectal cancer had 30 Gy radiation prior to surgery. p53 mutations were detected in 4 cases of gastric cancer (36.4%) and in 6 cases of colorectal cancer (46.2%) by immunohistochemical staining. The preoperative DNA-damaging therapies increased the number of apoptotic cells in wild-type-p53-expressing tumors; tumors with mutant p53, however, significantly showed fewer apoptotic cells compared with those expressing wild-type p53. The p53-inducible WAF1/CIP1 protein was immunohistochemically observed in wild-type-p53-containing tumors, whereas mutant-p53-expressing tumors expressed no detectable WAF1/CIP1. Taken together, we conclude that p53 mutations are associated with the poor response of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

PMID:
8642047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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