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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1996 Jan;15(1):88-92.

Bacteria involved in the blockage of biliary stents and their susceptibility to antibacterial agents.

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Institute of Microbiology, University of Genoa, Italy.


Endoscopically inserted stents are used for the palliation of obstructive jaundice, but infections and blockage of these stents by biliary sludge and bacterial biofilm may develop, presenting major complications. To analyze which bacteria are involved in this process, 25 biliary stents were examined. Eighty-one microorganisms were isolated: 59 gram-negative bacteria (54 Enterobacteriaceae and 5 Pseudomonas aeruginosa), 19 gram-positive bacteria (all Enterococcus spp.), and 3 Candida albicans. The Enterobacteriaceae were sensitive to netilmicin (100%), imipenem (98%), ciprofloxacin (96%), cefotaxime (69%), and piperacillin (57%), whereas Enterococcus spp. were sensitive to imipenem (79%), piperacillin (75%), ciprofloxacin (63%), and ampicillin (58%). The unpredictable aetiology and high rates of antibiotic resistance suggest that bacteriological monitoring is mandatory to avoid treatment failures in these patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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