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Am J Physiol. 1996 Mar;270(3 Pt 1):G506-14.

Progesterone and estrogen are potential mediators of gastric slow-wave dysrhythmias in nausea of pregnancy.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109-0362, USA.

Abstract

Women in pregnancy experience nausea, which correlates with gastric slow-wave rhythm disruption. Mediators of these dysrhythmias were explored. To quantitate slow-wave disruption, eight pregnant women with first-trimester nausea underwent electrogastrography after a 250-kcal meal. Results were compared with nonpregnant women with nausea during a prior pregnancy who received estradiol and/or progesterone to levels of the first trimester of pregnancy. Five pregnant women exhibited dysrhythmias, with increases in combined recording time in tachygastria plus bradygastria, as well as decreases in the percentage of electrogastrography signal power in the normal 3 cycle/min range (cpm), compared with nonpregnant women (P<0.05). Estradiol did not evoke dysrhythmias in nonpregnant women; however, progesterone induced increases in recording time in bradygastria plus tachygastria and increases in bradygastric signal power with corresponding decreases in signal power in the 3-cpm range (P<0.05). With estradiol and progesterone coadministration, an additive effect was observed at 3.3 +/- 0.8 h, with increased recording time in bradygastria alone and in bradygastria plus tachygastria with corresponding increases in bradygastric signal power and decreases in power in the 3-cpm range (P<0.05). In conclusion, women with nausea of pregnancy exhibit slow-wave rhythm disruption. Similar dysrhythmias are evoked in nonpregnant women by progesterone alone or in combination with estradiol in doses that reproduce levels in pregnancy. Thus gastric dysrhythmias in pregnancy may be due to a combination of elevated progesterone and estrogen levels.

PMID:
8638718
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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