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Intensive Care Med. 1995 Nov;21(11):913-9.

Comparison of the effects of pressure support ventilation delivered by three different ventilators during weaning from mechanical ventilation.

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Service de Réanimation Médicale, Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil, France.



To compare the effects of pressure support ventilation (PSV) delivered at the same level by three different ventilators on patients' work of breathing (WOB), breathing pattern and gas exchange.


Prospective, self-controlled clinical study.


Intensive care unit of a tertiary university hospital.


Nine intubated adult patients during weaning from mechanical ventilation.


Patients were randomly connected to one of three ventilators: the Siemens Servo 900 C (SC), the Ohmeda CPU 1 (CPU), and the Engström Erica (EE) during both zero cmH2O PSV and 15 cmH2O PSV.


During zero PSV, there was no significant difference in terms of WOB, VT, VE, or auto-PEEP among the three ventilators, although there was a trend towards higher levels of WOB with EE. During 15 cmH2O PSV, WOB was significantly less with SC than with EE or CPU (0.47 +/- 0.48 J/l for SC, 1.0 +/- 0.48 for EE and 0.78 +/- 0.51 for CPU1, p = 0.003). WOB was 64% less than at zero PSV with SC but only 38% less with EE. This was associated with a different pressurization shape, as assessed by the interior surface of Paw-VT loops (1.23 +/- 0.09 J/l for SC, 0.9 +/- 0.02 for EE, and 0.79 +/- 0.18 for CPU; p < 0.001). At 15 cmH2O PSV, auto-PEEP was significantly lower with SC than with EE (1.7 +/- 2.1 cmH2O for SC, 4.7 +/- 3.6 for EE, and 2.8 +/- 0.3 for CPU; p = 0.04). External expiratory resistances, in cmH2O/l/s, were significantly higher with EE than with CPU or SC (12.9 +/- 3.2 EE, 7.5 +/- 2.4 CPU, 5.9 +/- 0.5 SC; p < 0.001).


During PSV, the different working principles of different mechanical ventilators profoundly affect patient's WOB. Among the various factors, velocity of pressurization of PSV may play a role in its efficacy in unloading the respiratory muscles.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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