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J Clin Periodontol. 1996 Jan;23(1):1-6.

Collagen gel and membrane in guided tissue regeneration in periodontal fenestration defects in dogs.

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Section of Periodontology, Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.


The effect of a collagen gel matrix as a submembranous space-maintaining material was evaluated in guided tissue regeneration procedures. In 4 dogs, contralateral surgical circular fenestration defects, 5 mm in diameter, were produced at the midbuccal aspect of the alveolar bone in 8 maxillary canines. Removal of bone, PDL and cementum was complete. Experimental sites were filled with collagen gel and covered with collagen membranes; control sites were covered with collagen membranes and the underlying space was spontaneously filled with blood. Mucogingival flaps were repositioned. Histological and histomorphometric observations, 6 weeks post-surgery, indicated that defects covered by collagen membranes presented the most impressive regeneration with almost complete coverage of the denuded root by new cementum (98.4%) and new bone (63.2%). In the experimental defects, 83.5% coverage of new cementum with only 21.9% new bone regeneration was observed. These results suggest that collagen gel, interfered with healing by PDL and bone-derived cells in the submembranous space.

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