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Int J Cancer. 1996 May 16;66(4):477-83.

Pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and biological effects of intravenously administered bispecific monoclonal antibody OC/TR F(ab')2 in ovarian carcinoma patients.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Nijmegen St. Radboud, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The bispecific monoclonal antibody (biMAb) OC/TR combines the anti-ovarian-cancer reactivity of the MOv18 monoclonal antibody (MAb) with the reactivity of an anti-CD3 MAb. Pre-clinical studies have indicated that this biMAb is able to redirect the cytolytic activity of T cells towards tumour cells, resulting in efficient tumour-cell lysis. To assess the clinical potential of systemic biMAb-based cancer therapy we initiated a study in ovarian-cancer patients. Five patients suspected of ovarian cancer received 123I-OC/TR F(ab')2 i.v. Unexpectedly, the first patient developed side effects (grade III-IV toxicity) starting 30 min after infusion (p.i.) of 1 mg of OC/TR F(ab')2. After approval of the Ethical Committee, the study was continued at lower dose levels (0.1 mg; 0.2 mg). However, at the 0.2-mg dose level similar side effects were observed. FACS analysis indicated that all peripheral T cells were coated with biMAb immediately following the infusion. The cytokines tumour necrosis factor-alpha, interferon-gamma and interleukin-2 showed maximum serum concentrations 2 h p.i. Tumour uptake ranged from 0.8 to 1.9% ID/kg, resulting in tumour/background ratios of 3 to 8. Our results suggest that at higher antibody dose levels OC/TR F(ab')2 causes T-cell activation with acute release of cytokines. Only low doses of biMAb can be administered safely. Despite the interaction with T cells, OC/TR F(ab')2 preferentially localizes in tumours following i.v. administration, thus offering therapeutic perspectives.

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