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Gene. 1996 Feb 22;169(1):85-90.

A host-vector system for heterologous gene expression in Streptococcus gordonii.

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Sezione di Microbiologia, Dipartimento di Biologia Molecolare, Università di Siena, Italy.


We have developed a host-vector system for heterologous expression in Streptococcus gordonii (Sg) Challis (formerly Streptococcus sanguis), a commensal bacterium of the human oral cavity. The system is based on (i) integration of plasmid insertion vectors into the chromosome of specially engineered recipient hosts, and (ii) the use of the M6-protein-encoding gene (emm6) as a partner for construction of translational gene fusions. M6 is a streptococcal surface protein already proven useful as a fusion partner for the delivery of foreign antigens to the surface of Sg [Pozzi et al., Infect. Immun. 60 (1992) 1902-1907]. Insertion vectors carry a drug-resistance marker, different portions of emm6 and a multiple cloning site to allow construction of a variety of emm6-based fusions. Upon transformation of a recipient host with an insertion vector, 100% of transformants acquire both the drug-resistance marker and the capacity of displaying the M6 molecule on the cell surface. Chromosomal integration occurred at high frequency in recipient host GP1221. Transformation with 1 microgram of insertion vector DNA yielded 8.1 X 10(5) transformants per ml of competent cells.

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