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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1995 Nov;51(2):115-22.

Screening for gestational diabetes mellitus in Korea.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Cheil General Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the effect of clinical characteristics on the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to find the most effective screening program for GDM in Korea.

METHODS:

Universal screening with a 50-g glucose load at 24-28 weeks' gestation, as recommended by the Third International Workshop-Conference on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, was carried out among 3581 consecutive Korean women. Women with a 1-h plasma glucose > or = 130 mg/dl underwent a 3-h 100-g oral glucose tolerance test. The women's clinical characteristics and risk factors for GDM were recorded at the time of the screening test.

RESULTS:

The overall prevalence of GDM in Korean women was 2.2 cases/100. Although only 1.3% of this population was obese, the prevalence of GDM was found to be significantly increased with increasing body mass index. When 135 mg/dl is used as a threshold, the number of women requiring a diagnostic test decreases to 19.5%, enabling identification of 98.8% of women with GDM.

CONCLUSION:

Universal screening using 135 mg/dl as a threshold and early screening of those with two or more risk factors represent the most effective paradigm for Korea.

PMID:
8635631
DOI:
10.1016/0020-7292(95)02524-g
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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