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Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1996 Jun;79(3):252-5.

Increased serum levels of IgA antibodies to hsp70 protein in patients with diabetes mellitus: their relationship with vascular complications.

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Center for the Study of Hypertension, Diabetes and Obesity, Hospital Universitario de San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.


We measured class-specific antibodies to the mycobacterial hsp70 protein in 67 patients with diabetes mellitus (27 type 1 and 40 type 2) with or without vascular complications. Using ELISA, the levels of IgG and IgM antibodies in the sera of diabetic patients did not significantly differ either from those of healthy control subjects or between both types of diabetes, regardless of gender, disease duration, HbA1 level, or type of vascular complication. In patients with type 2 diabetes, the mean serum IgA levels were significantly higher than those in their matched controls [274(71) mg/dl vs 208(88) mg/dl; P < 0.01]. In this group of patients, the IgA antibody titer was significantly correlated to the serum IgA level (r = 0.334; P < 0.01). Serological autoimmunity (IgG or IgM type) to hsp70 protein is common in both the normal and the diabetic population. The increased IgA levels and anti-hsp70 IgA titers in the sera of diabetics suggest a possible role of IgA in the pathogenesis of the vascular complications of diabetes mellitus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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