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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 1995 Dec;41(6):325-30.

Suppression of in vivo tumor growth by the transfection of the interleukin-5 gene into colon tumor cells.

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Department of Surgery II, Kumamoto University Medical School, Japan.


To investigate the influence of tumor producing interleukin-5 (IL-5) on growth kinetics of tumors, we transduced the murine IL-5 gene into murine colon C26 tumor cells. Two IL-5-secreting clones, low-level IL-5 producer C26-8B and high-level IL-5 producer C26-6F, were established. Both tumors, C26-6F and C26-8B, grew more slowly than the mock C26 tumor, although the in vitro growth rate of these IL-5 transfectants was much the same as that of the mock C26 cells. There was a significantly decreased number of colonies in the lung of mice given C26-6F or C26-8B tumors i.v. than in mice given mock C26 tumors i.v. Moreover, in mice given C26-6F cells i.v., a smaller number of tumor colonies in the lung was observed, as compared to the case with C26-6B cells. While the growth rate of C26-8B tumors in mice treated with anti-IL-5 mAb was more rapid than that seen in control mAb-treated mice, growth of C26-6F tumors in anti-IL-5-mAb-treated mice was slightly more rapid compared to findings in control mAb-treated mice. The isotype-matched mAb did not alter the in vitro growth of mock-C26 cells or of the IL-5-gene-modified C26 cells. Growth of IL-5-secreting C26 tumors transplanted in nude mice was also inhibited. These results suggest that tumor-producing IL-5 inhibits growth of colon tumors mediated through T-cell-independent protective mechanisms of the host.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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