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Cancer Lett. 1996 Jun 5;103(2):131-6.

Repeated immunotherapy using intratumoural injection with recombinant interleukin-2 and tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes inhibits growth of breast cancer and induces apoptosis of tumour cells.

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1
Tumour Biology and Immunotherapy Program, Top Cancer Institute, Lund, Sweden.

Abstract

This study tested the effect of repeated intratumoural injection with recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) and tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) on inhibition of growth of breast cancer and on induction of apoptosis of tumour cells. The tumour cell line LDLX43 was used to induce breast cancer in Wistar rats. Group I (10 rats) was the control. Group II (12 rats) received repeated intratumoural injection with rIL-2 and TILs. rIL-2 at the dose of 5 x 10(5) IU/day was given for 7 days, and 1 x 10(7) TILs were injected on the second day of each rIL-2 therapy, for a treatment session. Overall, two treatment sessions of immunotherapy with rIL-2 and TILs were given in all treated animals. Rapid increased tumour volume was found in the control group. In the treated group the total response rate was 42%, of which 25% tumours showed partial regression and 17% tumours reached complete remission where infiltration of plenty of T lymphocytes was detected, indicating that T cell-mediated antitumour immunity is primarily responsible for tumour rejection. Further investigation showed the repeated immunotherapy using intratumoural injection with rIL-2 and TILs could induce the development of apoptosis of breast cancer cells.

PMID:
8635148
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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