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J Med Chem. 1996 Feb 16;39(4):860-72.

Synthesis, biological evaluation, and quantitative receptor docking simulations of 2-[(acylamino)ethyl]-1,4-benzodiazepines as novel tifluadom-like ligands with high affinity and selectivity for kappa-opioid receptors.

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Dipartimento Farmaco Chimico Tecnologico, Universit√° di Siena, Italy.


The synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of 2-substituted 5-phenyl-1,4-benzodiazepines, structurally related to tifluadom (5), the only benzodiazepine that acts simultaneously as a kappa-opioid agonist and a cholecystokinin-A (CCK-A) antagonist, are reported. The radioligand binding models used in these studies were [(125)I](BH)-CCK-8 in rat pancreas (CCK-A), [(3)H]-(MENLE(28,31))-cck-8 in guinea pig cerebral cortex (CCK-B), and [(3)H]U-69593 (kappa(1)), [(3)H]DAMGO (mu), and [(3)H]DADLE (delta) in guinea pig brain. All the title compounds were devoid of significant affinity for both CCK-A and CCK-B receptors, while some of them bound with nanomolar affinity and high selectivity for kappa-opioid receptors. In particular, the 2-thienyl derivative 7A(X = H) with a K(i) = 0.50 nM represents a clear improvement with respect to tifluadom, showing a comparable potency but higher selectivity. The application of computational simulations and linear regression analysis techniques to the complexes between guinea pig kappa (kappa(1))-receptor and the title compounds allowed the identification of the structural determinants for recognition and quantitative elucidation of the structure-affinity relationships in this class of receptors.

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